SEO Pricing: How Much Does SEO Cost?

By Zac Harris

How much does SEO cost?

Hiring expert SEO help can be intimidating. There are thousands of options to choose from, whether you choose to go with an SEO agency, a freelancer, or an in-house SEO team. The decision is important and one that you want to get right so you’re not wasting time, resources, and money on a digital marketing strategy that is not producing results.

The cost of SEO varies depending on multiple variables; agency or freelance (SEO consultant), and the scope of your project.  With so many options, the cost is often difficult to pin down. Luckily, we’ve been in SEO for decades and with that, we’ve employed multiple pricing models.

So let’s jump into the multiple pricing models and costs.

SEO Pricing Models: Freelance vs. Agency

Freelancers and agencies have drastically different pricing models and there are various pricing models for each category. Most agencies work hourly or on a flat retainer. Some also work per project. If you search the web long enough, you’ll find a website that offers “per result” SEO. Each approach presents significant issues.

Again, your costs will depend on a number of variables but this is what we commonly see.

Monthly Retainers

Both freelancers and agencies use monthly retainers and according to an Ahrefs study, monthly retainers are the most popular pricing model. Ahrefs surveyed 348 SEO providers and found that 23% of monthly retainers fall within $500-$1,000 per month, 19.23% of monthly retainers fall within $251-$500 per month, and 24% of monthly retainers are $2,001/month or more.

Within the U.S., services ranged from under $50 to $50,000 per month. At the risk of stating the obvious… not all services are created equal. But what should you expect from each range?

$50-$3,000 per month

I can’t think of many situations where this price range is effective for anyone. Hustlers and hobbyists are rampant at this tier. You should expect low-quality deliverables and a variety of short-term-minded, high risk strategies that lean towards “black hat” SEO.

This range could work for a hyper-local company that only operates within a very small radius or services intended for personal websites.

I can’t tell you how to spend your marketing budget, but if you’re considering a provider in this range, please, do your due diligence. There are a lot of SEO horror stories and I’d estimate that a majority of them are from this price range.

$3,001-$7,000 per month

This range works well for small businesses. Great SEO companies will build a custom, scalable strategy for your business that focuses on glaring weaknesses. This requires resources and as you move up the pricing scale, you’re buying more resources (although this is not always the case and depends on the agency that you’re working with).

From direct experience, it’s hard to allocate the appropriate resources to projects on the lowest side of this scale ($3,001), and without the appropriate resources, you can quickly run into quality issues. It’s also frequently necessary for the brand to bring their own blood, sweat, and tears at this level.

Great results should be attainable in this price range if you’re a small business, but remember: price alone is not indicative of quality. You have to vet your provider to make sure that the scope of your project is clearly defined.


This middle tier embodies the $9,507.84/month “average agency” rate from the Ahrefs study.

This is the most common spend for brands that actively compete on a national or international scale in search. Depending on how competitive your niche is, you should expect steady, incremental gains at this tier.

You’ll have access to additional resources that allow your service provider to move faster but again, vet your marketing agency, ask for case studies, check their social media pages, and look at third-party reviews.

We’ve seen companies charge $10,000+ and still outsource all of the work to low-wage workers and the quality of that work is not going to produce any results.


We’re now entering enterprise SEO territory. A limitation of the Ahrefs study is that it includes everybody and speaks in averages. It’s not wrong, but understand that most SEO practitioners focus on local, small business, and hobby websites.  This skews dramatically away from business realities.

At this level, you should expect airtight processes and a higher velocity of output. There’s a playbook in place for everything… audits, exercises, content style, and so forth. You should have high expectations in project management and results.

As this activity level scales, you should be especially wary of executive, legal, and IT becoming blockers to success. Come prepared to meet these engagements with high levels of collaboration and empowerment.


Yes, SEO retainers do run this high. This level of spend is intended exclusively for leaders in the most competitive search categories.

At this level, the only significant change tends to be output. For example, an engagement might leverage 10 tactically optimized pieces of content per month at $10K. This one produces 50.

A smart agency begins by assessing your brand’s gap in unmet search potential. We call it Demand & Positioning at Orbit. This provides a long-term vision for your place as industry leader in search, and it’s up to you how fast you’d like to see this straightforward mathematical gap get corrected. An engagement like this one is meant to close such a gap much more quickly.

Hourly Pricing ($100-$150 per hour)

Hourly rewards poor efficiency and skill. Sometimes, you can get a great win from a few minutes of work. Other times, there are weeks of struggle. The value is important, the hours are not.

Hourly pricing is popular among freelancers, and some agencies do use this pricing model. The Ahrefs study showed that $100-$150 per hour is the most popular pricing tier. In the U.S., more than a third (35%) of all hourly rates fall within this range.

The second most popular hourly pricing model is $75-$100 per hour, which accounts for 20% of all hourly rates.

This price range will vary based on the location of your SEO company, but you should be skeptical of any deal that sounds too good to be true.  SEO is an investment and takes resources and time to see results. Avoid cutting corners and following “rank quick” trends — these are like “get rich quick” schemes.

Per-Project Pricing

Per-Project leads to poorly informed decisions. One-off projects have a fixed direction without a closed feedback loop. This provides no room to learn and adapt. SEO is a process, not a project.

You’ll be a good fit for this pricing model if you already have an in-house SEO team and simply need extra resources to complete something small and dead-simple. The goal here is to augment your in-house SEO team. You may only need a forensic SEO audit, content help, etc.

The scope of your project will impact how much you’ll pay when it comes to per-project pricing.

According to Ahrefs, $501-$1,000 is the most popular pricing tier for per-project pricing. A quarter (25%) of all projects fall within this range.

SaaS-Based Pricing

Thankfully, this pricing model is losing popularity as more business owners catch on. This pricing model is based on most SaaS pricing models where the SEO provider will offer multiple “packages” or “SEO plans” with varying features.

For example, you may see a pricing table with tiered pricing options.  Here’s a real-life example:

Comparison chart of seo service packages: starter, bronze, silver, gold, platinum, with features and pricing from $299 to $1199 per month.

I would never recommend this route. SEO needs are different for every business. You will never compete in a moderately competitive market paying $299/mo. It lends itself to lazy, machine-driven tactics (usually, meaning spam).

Even a “$1,199/mo SEO package” is not going to get you far, and may actually do significant harm.

Result-Based Pricing

Result-based pricing typically relates to a popular SEO scam. It sounds attractive to the buyer, since no results=no payment. But this business model is also the most attractive to the least ethical vendors in the industry.

This is because the fastest tactics have no staying power. Simply put, “black hat SEO”… the practice of spamming Google at scale… still works faster and more reliably than anything else. Short-term. The vendor leaves with the maximum payout after a couple of months, Google calculates penalties shortly thereafter, and your brand’s reputation in search may never be the same.

Consider that all great digital marketing benefits from great collaboration. The best talent knows this and does not need to risk working for free on a whim.

Credit-Based Pricing

At Orbit, we employ a credit-based pricing model. Our credit model solves all of the flaws listed above by incorporating the best elements of each model.

Credits: All Orbit Optimization work is delivered as credits. Credits are like tokens for work that:

  1. Is significant enough to have a measurable impact on the business.
  2. Is small enough to keep time and resource estimates simple.
  3. Has a scope that’s as clear as a Project.
  4. Reverts to Hourly only when value can’t be defined in advance.
  5. Is discussed in weekly updates and reported in one end-of-month digest.

Credit Quota

Agreements are based on a minimum number of contributions.

At 20, this means one measurable accomplishment for every business day in a month. Every day, we do something of distinct value; either implemented directly or via detailed action plans from our consulting.

This influences revenue, which we relate to contributions and maintain or scale where profitable.

Credit Planning

We attempt to plan 110% of our contributions in advance at the start of every month. As each month progresses, we’re likely to change, expand, scrap, or displace some plans to meet new opportunities based on new information or to satisfy incoming requests and new ideas from your team.

Credit Reporting

A digest with all marketing contributions completed and planned next gets delivered near the first of the month. This is accompanied by a hand-written Executive Summary that relates to the impact of our work on short-term and long-term goals using a set of pre-agreed metrics (KPIs).

How much should SEO cost?

This is a frustrating answer, but it depends. What I can tell you is that you should keep your expectations in alignment.  Quality, scale, skill, and ethics vary more wildly with SEO work than in virtually any other industry.

In the end, make sure that your SEO services provider is transparent and presents a clear outline of how they will hit your goals. If you decide to work with them, hold them accountable and make sure you have access to the KPIs that they are tracking.

Remember, SEO is not a one-and-done project. It will take time and consistent effort for you to move up the search results.

What about SEO cost calculators?

These calculators are neat, but they don’t provide a lot of value. As we mentioned before, the cost of your SEO campaign will depend on a number of factors and any SEO agency worth its weight should build out a custom strategy for your business.

There isn’t an SEO calculator on the market that will give you a realistic quote on holistic SEO. The calculator isn’t going to know enough about your market, your goals, your competitor, etc. If the provider is offering packages there’s a possibility that the calculator could be accurate. But as I mentioned before, you should avoid packaged SEO.

What should you avoid when looking for an SEO agency?

Cheap SEO

Who doesn’t like a good deal, right? Avoid “cheap SEO services” for a number of reasons, but the biggest issues are that these solutions lack resources and talent. As an agency, we know first hand that it’s expensive to build a high-quality SEO team and it’s impossible to offer “cheap SEO” while employing high-quality SEOs.

If it’s too good to be true, it probably is. Remember, SEO takes time and if any agency/freelancer is offering you results in fewer than four months, proceed with caution.

If you decide to work with a “cheap SEO” provider be sure to ask them for proof via case studies and ask them why their pricing is so low.

“Google Partners” for SEO

Like most agencies, Orbit is a Google Partner and you shouldn’t avoid an agency because they display the Google Partner badge.


This badge has everything to do with Pay-Per-Click (PPC) and nothing to do with Search Engine Optimization (SEO). Google Partners are agencies that have passed the Google Ads test and manage a number of “successful” ad campaigns. This badge has no relationship with SEO and if an agency is pretending that it does, run for the exit.

Guaranteed Results

Nothing in life is guaranteed and this applies to SEO as well. Quality SEO takes time and requires an investment. As tempting as it may be to hire an agency for $29/mo with a shiny guarantee of ranking you on page one, this is something you should avoid like the plague.

You’ll cut your costs, but you’ll spend more time playing clean-up than actually advancing up the SERPs. You want to work with someone who is transparent from the initial introduction and keeps you in the loop during your engagement.


There are a number of variables that come into play when you’re thinking about investing in SEO. Any successful SEO strategy involves evaluating multiple variables and creating a holistic strategy to maximize your organic reach based on these variables. Much like “How long does SEO take?.” “How much does SEO cost?” doesn’t have a clear cut answer because it depends. It’s more important to do your due diligence and avoid common SEO scams.

If you’re thinking about investing in SEO let’s talk!

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